DAILY MASS READINGS (June 16, 2019)

SOLEMNITY OF THE MOST HOLY TRINITY (CYCLE C, White)

Reading 1 (PROVERBS 8:22-31)

A reading from the Book of Proverbs

Thus says the wisdom of God:
“The LORD possessed me, the beginning of his ways,
the forerunner of his prodigies of long ago;
from of old I was poured forth,
at the first, before the earth.
When there were no depths I was brought forth,
when there were no fountains or springs of water;
before the mountains were settled into place,
before the hills, I was brought forth;
while as yet the earth and fields were not made,
nor the first clods of the world.

“When the Lord established the heavens I was there,
when he marked out the vault over the face of the deep;
when he made firm the skies above,
when he fixed fast the foundations of the earth;
when he set for the sea its limit,
so that the waters should not transgress his command;
then was I beside him as his craftsman,
and I was his delight day by day,
playing before him all the while,
playing on the surface of his earth;
and I found delight in the human race.”

– The word of the Lord.

Responsorial Psalm (PSALM 8:4-5, 6-7, 8-9)

R. (2a)    O Lord, our God, how wonderful your name in all the earth!
When I behold your heavens, the work of your fingers,
the moon and the stars which you set in place —
What is man that you should be mindful of him,
or the son of man that you should care for him?
R. O Lord, our God, how wonderful your name in all the earth!
You have made him little less than the angels,
and crowned him with glory and honor.
You have given him rule over the works of your hands,
putting all things under his feet:
R. O Lord, our God, how wonderful your name in all the earth!
All sheep and oxen,
yes, and the beasts of the field,
The birds of the air, the fishes of the sea,
and whatever swims the paths of the seas.
R. O Lord, our God, how wonderful your name in all the earth!

Reading 2 (ROMANS 5:1-5)

A reading from the Letter of St. Paul to the Romans

Brothers and sisters:
Therefore, since we have been justified by faith,
we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,
through whom we have gained access by faith
to this grace in which we stand,
and we boast in hope of the glory of God.
Not only that, but we even boast of our afflictions,
knowing that affliction produces endurance,
and endurance, proven character,
and proven character, hope,
and hope does not disappoint,
because the love of God has been poured out into our hearts
through the Holy Spirit that has been given to us.

– The word of the Lord.

Alleluia (CF. REVELATION 1:8)

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
Glory to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit;
to God who is, who was, and who is to come.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

Gospel (JOHN 16:12-15)

A reading from the Holy Gospel according to John

Jesus said to his disciples:
“I have much more to tell you, but you cannot bear it now.
But when he comes, the Spirit of truth,
he will guide you to all truth.
He will not speak on his own,
but he will speak what he hears,
and will declare to you the things that are coming.
He will glorify me,
because he will take from what is mine and declare it to you.
Everything that the Father has is mine;
for this reason I told you that he will take from what is mine
and declare it to you.”

– The Gospel of the Lord.

Reflection: Today’s Solemnity celebrates the central mystery of our faith. As Catholics and Christians, we believe that there is one God, but he is not solitary. Rather, he is in three divine persons. Some skeptics would ask: “That’s impossible! How can three people become one element?” And other denominations would ask: “So where is Trinity in the Bible? Isn’t this doctrine dangerously defining that there are three gods?” The Readings will answer then the questions to this great mystery of the Church.
In the First Reading (Proverbs 8:22-31), before the Creation of the world, there was already God the Father and the Divine Wisdom. Who is this Divine Wisdom? The Prologue of Saint John’s Gospel states that this Wisdom is the Word that was in the beginning, and the Word became flesh and lived among us. So it is clear that the Divine Wisdom is Jesus Christ himself. The Old Testament serves as a preparation, so that when the fullness of time came, God sends his Son into the world to redeem it from sin. Jesus became man, yet his divinity remained. In the Gospel (John 16:12-15), he tells his disciples that he will depart from them, but they will not be left alone. Instead, he will send them the Holy Spirit, the Advocate, to guide and help them understand all the things he taught. The Spirit did not only come at Pentecost. In fact, when God created man, he breathed into the nostrils with the ruach, the breath of life, which symbolizes the Spirit himself. When the Archangel Saint Gabriel announced to the Virgin Mary about the Birth of Jesus, she would conceive the Son of God not on her own, but by the power of the Holy Spirit. So the Spirit is not only a mystical being, but also a person, and he as well is divine. Therefore, the concept of the Blessed Trinity does not teach that there are three gods, but one God in three Persons and three Persons in one God. The Father is the Creator, the Son is the Redeemer, and the Holy Spirit is the Sanctifier.
My dear brothers and sisters, though it is hard to understand this dogma, this is where what we call mystery enters. A mystery is something not only hard to find logical explanation, but it is also something that cannot be rationally demonstrated. The only way to understand it is by faith. Many Popes and Church fathers have defended the doctrine of the Trinity against attacks of heretics because they read and understood the Sacred Scriptures. And in fact in the Second Reading (Romans 5:1-5), Saint Paul describes the Trinity in the role of salvation and faith. God who created and loved the world sent his Son to redeem it from sin. Jesus taught us to love one another just as how the Father loves him and he loves us. Because the love of the Father and the Son are so great, the Holy Spirit sanctified us with this love, in order that we may be united with one another as Christians. So the Trinity shows the never-ending love of God, who wants us to inherit eternal life. And as we journey down this road, may we understand with faith this central mystery of our faith by manifesting the virtue of love.

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