Reading 1 (ACTS 2:1-11)

A reading from the Acts of the Apostles

When the time for Pentecost was fulfilled,
they were all in one place together.
And suddenly there came from the sky
a noise like a strong driving wind,
and it filled the entire house in which they were.
Then there appeared to them tongues as of fire,
which parted and came to rest on each one of them.
And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit
and began to speak in different tongues,
as the Spirit enabled them to proclaim.

Now there were devout Jews from every nation under heaven
staying in Jerusalem.
At this sound, they gathered in a large crowd,
but they were confused
because each one heard them speaking in his own language.
They were astounded, and in amazement they asked,
“Are not all these people who are speaking Galileans?
Then how does each of us hear them in his native language?
We are Parthians, Medes, and Elamites,
inhabitants of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia,
Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia,
Egypt and the districts of Libya near Cyrene,
as well as travelers from Rome,
both Jews and converts to Judaism, Cretans and Arabs,
yet we hear them speaking in our own tongues
of the mighty acts of God.”

– The word of the Lord.

Responsorial Psalm (PSALM 104:1, 24, 29-30, 31, 34)

R. (cf. 30) Lord, send out your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.
R. Alleluia.
Bless the LORD, O my soul!
O LORD, my God, you are great indeed!
How manifold are your works, O LORD! 
the earth is full of your creatures;
R. Lord, send out your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.
R. Alleluia.
May the glory of the LORD endure forever;
may the LORD be glad in his works!
Pleasing to him be my theme;
I will be glad in the LORD.
R. Lord, send out your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.
R. Alleluia.
If you take away their breath, they perish
and return to their dust.
When you send forth your spirit, they are created,
and you renew the face of the earth.
R. Lord, send out your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.
R. Alleluia.

Reading 2 (1 CORINTHIANS 12:3B-7, 12-13)

A reading from the 1st Letter of St. Paul to the Corinthians

Brothers and sisters:
No one can say, “Jesus is Lord,” except by the Holy Spirit.

There are different kinds of spiritual gifts but the same Spirit; 
there are different forms of service but the same Lord;
there are different workings but the same God
who produces all of them in everyone.
To each individual the manifestation of the Spirit
is given for some benefit.

As a body is one though it has many parts,
and all the parts of the body, though many, are one body,
so also Christ.
For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body,
whether Jews or Greeks, slaves or free persons,
and we were all given to drink of one Spirit.

– The word of the Lord.

Or: (ROMANS 8:8-17)

A reading from the Letter of St. Paul to the Romans

Brothers and sisters:
Those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
But you are not in the flesh;
on the contrary, you are in the spirit,
if only the Spirit of God dwells in you.
Whoever does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him.
But if Christ is in you,
although the body is dead because of sin,
the spirit is alive because of righteousness.
If the Spirit of the one who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you,
the one who raised Christ from the dead
will give life to your mortal bodies also,
through his Spirit that dwells in you.
Consequently, brothers and sisters,
we are not debtors to the flesh,
to live according to the flesh.
For if you live according to the flesh, you will die,
but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body,
you will live.

For those who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God.
For you did not receive a spirit of slavery to fall back into fear,
but you received a Spirit of adoption,
through whom we cry, “Abba, Father!”
The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit
that we are children of God,
and if children, then heirs,
heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ,
if only we suffer with him
so that we may also be glorified with him.

– The word of the Lord.

Sequence (Veni, Sancte Spiritus)

Come, Holy Spirit, come!
And from your celestial home
Shed a ray of light divine!

Come, Father of the poor!
Come, source of all our store!
Come, within our bosoms shine.

You, of comforters the best;
You, the soul’s most welcome guest;
Sweet refreshment here below;

In our labor, rest most sweet;
Grateful coolness in the heat;
 Solace in the midst of woe.

O most blessed Light divine,
Shine within these hearts of yours,
 And our inmost being fill!

Where you are not, we have naught,
Nothing good in deed or thought,
 Nothing free from taint of ill.

Heal our wounds, our strength renew;
On our dryness pour your dew;
 Wash the stains of guilt away:

Bend the stubborn heart and will;
Melt the frozen, warm the chill;
 Guide the steps that go astray.

On the faithful, who adore
And confess you, evermore
 In your sevenfold gift descend;

Give them virtue’s sure reward;
Give them your salvation, Lord;
 Give them joys that never end. Amen.


R. Alleluia, alleluia.
Come, Holy Spirit, fill the hearts of your faithful
and kindle in them the fire of your love.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

Gospel (JOHN 20:19-23)

A reading from the Holy Gospel according to John

On the evening of that first day of the week,
when the doors were locked, where the disciples were,
for fear of the Jews,
Jesus came and stood in their midst
and said to them, “Peace be with you.”
When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side.
The disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord.
Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you.
As the Father has sent me, so I send you.”

And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them,
“Receive the Holy Spirit.
Whose sins you forgive are forgiven them,
and whose sins you retain are retained.”

– The Gospel of the Lord.

Or: (JOHN 14:15-16, 23B-26)

A reading from the Holy Gospel according to John

Jesus said to his disciples:
“If you love me, you will keep my commandments.
And I will ask the Father,
and he will give you another Advocate to be with you always.

“Whoever loves me will keep my word,
and my Father will love him,
and we will come to him and make our dwelling with him.
Those who do not love me do not keep my words;
yet the word you hear is not mine
but that of the Father who sent me.

“I have told you this while I am with you.
The Advocate, the Holy Spirit whom the Father will send in my name,
will teach you everything
and remind you of all that I told you.”

– The Gospel of the Lord.

Reflection: Today, the Church celebrates a great feast that ends Easter Time: Solemnity of Pentecost. Pentecost, meaning “fifty days,” originates from the Shavuot, the Jewish festival of the weeks, wherein the Jews commemorate the Lord God giving the Torah on Mount Sinai fifty days after their exodus. Likewise for us Christians, Pentecost celebrates the Descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles fifty days after the Resurrection and Ascension of Christ. There are three things this great feast want to tell us:
1.) PENTECOST COMPLETES THE PASCHAL MYSTERY. In the second Gospel option (John 15:26-27; 16:12-15), Jesus promised his Apostles the Holy Spirit who will be the Advocate of truth guiding them to teach all truth that came from him and the Father’s holy will. In the first Gospel option (John 20:19-23), the Risen Jesus breathed the Holy Spirit on his fearful Apostles, recalling the action of God breathing into Adam the ‘ruach’ or ‘breath of life’ during the Creation. In the First Reading (Acts 2:1-11), these Apostles turned from frightful men into courageous witnesses because they were filled with the Holy Spirit and understood all that their Master did and taught. That is why the Pentecost fulfills the Paschal Mystery and all of Jesus’ teachings and deeds.
2.) PENTECOST MARKS THE BIRTHDAY OF THE CHURCH. At Pentecost, Saint Peter and the Apostles proclaimed the Good News to many devout Jews gathered outside the Upper Room. They were astounded at hearing them speaking in each language. As a result, 3,000 people were baptized and added to the numbers of what was called “The Way”. The Apostles and disciples continued preaching, despite the warnings and prohibitions of the Sanhedrin, and many believed and were converted, including Gentiles. It was in Antioch when these groups were called “Christians”. Therefore, Pentecost marks the Birthday of the Church, also known in two Greek terms: (1) ‘Kyriake Orkia,’ which means “Assembly of the Lord,” and (2) ‘ekklesia,’ which means “a people called apart by God to live a devout and sacramental life”. 
3.) PENTECOST ENABLES US IN OUR CHRISTIAN MISSION. When we received Baptism and Confirmation, we are marked with the seal of the Holy Spirit that empowers us to become children of God and soldiers of the Good News of Christ. After celebrating the Paschal Mystery during these Lenten and Easter Seasons, the Spirit will enable us to continue the Christian Mission until the end of our lives on earth.
So as we journey down the end of this Easter road, let us ask the Holy Spirit to strengthen and guide us as we take part in the Evangelization of the Church.Reflection:

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