DAILY MASS READINGS (October 20, 2019)


Reading 1 (EXODUS 17:8-13)

A reading from the Book of Exodus

In those days, Amalek came and waged war against Israel.
Moses, therefore, said to Joshua,
“Pick out certain men,
and tomorrow go out and engage Amalek in battle.
I will be standing on top of the hill
with the staff of God in my hand.”
So Joshua did as Moses told him:
he engaged Amalek in battle
after Moses had climbed to the top of the hill with Aaron and Hur.
As long as Moses kept his hands raised up,
Israel had the better of the fight,
but when he let his hands rest,
Amalek had the better of the fight.
Moses’hands, however, grew tired;
so they put a rock in place for him to sit on.
Meanwhile Aaron and Hur supported his hands,
one on one side and one on the other,
so that his hands remained steady till sunset.
And Joshua mowed down Amalek and his people
with the edge of the sword.

– The word of the Lord.

Responsorial Psalm (PSALM 121:1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8)

R.(cf. 2)  Our help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.
I lift up my eyes toward the mountains;
whence shall help come to me?
My help is from the LORD,
who made heaven and earth.
R. Our help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.
May he not suffer your foot to slip;
may he slumber not who guards you:
indeed he neither slumbers nor sleeps,
the guardian of Israel.
R. Our help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.
The LORD is your guardian; the LORD is your shade;
he is beside you at your right hand.
The sun shall not harm you by day,
nor the moon by night.
R. Our help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.
The LORD will guard you from all evil;
he will guard your life.
The LORD will guard your coming and your going,
both now and forever.
R. Our help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.

Reading 2 (2 TIMOTHY 3:14-4:2)

A reading from the 2nd Letter of St. Paul to Timothy

Remain faithful to what you have learned and believed,
because you know from whom you learned it,
and that from infancy you have known the sacred Scriptures,
which are capable of giving you wisdom for salvation
through faith in Christ Jesus.
All Scripture is inspired by God
and is useful for teaching, for refutation, for correction,
and for training in righteousness,
so that one who belongs to God may be competent,
equipped for every good work.

I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus,
who will judge the living and the dead,
and by his appearing and his kingly power:
proclaim the word;
be persistent whether it is convenient or inconvenient;
convince, reprimand, encourage through all patience and teaching.

– The word of the Lord.

Alleluia (HEBREWS 4:12)

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
The word of God is living and effective,
discerning reflections and thoughts of the heart.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

Gospel (LUKE 18:1-8)

A reading from the Holy Gospel according to Luke

Jesus told his disciples a parable
about the necessity for them to pray always without becoming weary.
He said, “There was a judge in a certain town
who neither feared God nor respected any human being.
And a widow in that town used to come to him and say,
‘Render a just decision for me against my adversary.’
For a long time the judge was unwilling, but eventually he thought,
‘While it is true that I neither fear God nor respect any human being,
because this widow keeps bothering me
I shall deliver a just decision for her
lest she finally come and strike me.'”
The Lord said, “Pay attention to what the dishonest judge says.
Will not God then secure the rights of his chosen ones
who call out to him day and night?
Will he be slow to answer them?
I tell you, he will see to it that justice is done for them speedily.
But when the Son of Man comes, will he find faith on earth?”

– The Gospel of the Lord.

Reflection: The Apostle Saint Paul exhorts us in his First Letter to the Thessalonians: “Pray without ceasing” (ch. 5 v. 17). This is theme of the Sunday liturgy for today, especially as we celebrate the Sunday for Cultures, we reflect on this culture of persevering faith. In the First Reading (Exodus 17:8-13), as they continue their journey towards the Promised Land, the Israelites struggle in battle against the Amalekites at Rephidim. The Amalekites are nomads who descend from Amalek, one of the grandsons of Esau, brother of Jacob and son of Isaac. So Moses instructed the Israelites what the Lord God has told him, and together with Joshua, they accepted the challenge. Meanwhile Moses, together with his brother Aaron and Hur, a priest, climbed up to the mountain. And everytime Moses would raise his hands and staff, the Israelites would advance. On the other hand, everytime he puts them down, the Amalekites advance. But because he is getting weary, Aaron and Hur had to held his hands up high until Joshua and the Israelites claim the victory against the Amalekites. Likewise, we too must not be weary when we pray to God and ask him to guide us in spite of our many trials and sufferings in life.
In the Gospel (Luke 18:1-8), Jesus tells his disciples a parable for them not to become weary in praying. Earlier before that in Luke 11:1-13 (Gospel last 16th Sunday in Ordinary Time), the disciples pleaded him to teach them how to pray, so he taught them the Lord’s Prayer (Our Father). And he presented two situations: (1) Would you care to wake up at the sound of your friend’s call for help and lend him the three loaves of bread he needs to feed hungry travelers who came from a very far land? and (2) If you were a father, would you hand your son a snake when he asks for a fish, or a scorpion when he asks for an egg? Now he tells us a Parable of the Persistent Widow. And during those times, widows are considered to be insignificant, for the Jews believed that women who are married will receive the blessings from their husbands and sons who will work for the family’s welfare. Otherwise if they lose their husbands yet they still have their sons, then the sons will receive the blessing. But if they lose both the husbands and the sons, then they cannot be helped anymore. In the parable, this widow persistently pleads the judge who is considered dishonest, unrighteous, and fearless to rule over the case of her stolen property from the lender/adversary. So this judged pondered on her request for days until he realised that he must give this widow what she wants, so that she may not bother her anymore. Likewise if the widow could continue bugging and calling the attention of the judge frequently, what more can we ask God to answer our prayers and requests? For God will always make sure he gives his people their requests in his time and by his will.
So my brothers and sisters, the culture of persistence strengthens our faith in the Lord especially when we make known to him our intentions. Therefore, we should not grow weary when we ask him to grant them. But sometimes, we often ask: “Why doesn’t God seem to care? Why doesn’t he answer my prayers right away?” So we tend to question the absence of God when we feel that our prayers and intentions are not being answered, or that it is taking too long for him to heed them. However we should realize that prayers and other devotions are not forms of magic and sorcery. That is the problem with some of us Christians, not only Catholics. We often think that in times of difficulties and problems, we should just hope and assume that the Lord will do something to resolve them without us. Let us be reminded of what the Youth Catechism tells us: “Prayer does not seek superficial success but rather the will of God and the intimacy with him. God’s apparent silence is itself an invitation to take a step farther—in total devotion, boundless faith, endless expectation. Anyone who prays must allow God the complete freedom to speak whenever he wants, to grant whatever we wants, and to give himself however he wants” (YouCat 507). So as we journey down this road, may we manifest the culture of persevering faith in God as we make known to him our prayers and intentions not only for ourselves, but for others as well, and he will answer them in his time and by his will.


DAILY MASS READINGS (October 19, 2019)


Reading 1 (ROMANS 4:13, 16-18)

A reading from the Letter of St. Paul to the Romans

Brothers and sisters:
It was not through the law
that the promise was made to Abraham and his descendants
that he would inherit the world,
but through the righteousness that comes from faith.
For this reason, it depends on faith,
so that it may be a gift,
and the promise may be guaranteed to all his descendants,
not to those who only adhere to the law
but to those who follow the faith of Abraham,
who is the father of all of us, as it is written,
I have made you father of many nations.
He is our father in the sight of God,
in whom he believed, who gives life to the dead
and calls into being what does not exist.
He believed, hoping against hope,
that he would become the father of many nations,
according to what was said, Thus shall your descendants be.

– The word of the Lord.

Responsorial Psalm (PSALM 105:6-7, 8-9, 42-43)

R.(8a) The Lord remembers his covenant for ever.
You descendants of Abraham, his servants,
sons of Jacob, his chosen ones!
He, the LORD, is our God;
throughout the earth his judgments prevail.
R. The Lord remembers his covenant for ever.
He remembers forever his covenant
which he made binding for a thousand generations –
Which he entered into with Abraham
and by his oath to Isaac.
R. The Lord remembers his covenant for ever.
For he remembered his holy word
to his servant Abraham.
And he led forth his people with joy;
with shouts of joy, his chosen ones.
R. The Lord remembers his covenant for ever.

Alleluia (JOHN 15:26B, 27A)

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
The Spirit of truth will testify to me, says the Lord,
and you also will testify.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

Gospel (LUKE 12:8-12)

A reading from the Holy Gospel according to Luke

Jesus said to his disciples:
“I tell you,
everyone who acknowledges me before others
the Son of Man will acknowledge before the angels of God.
But whoever denies me before others
will be denied before the angels of God.

“Everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven,
but the one who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit
will not be forgiven.
When they take you before synagogues and before rulers and authorities,
do not worry about how or what your defense will be
or about what you are to say.
For the Holy Spirit will teach you at that moment what you should say.”

– The Gospel of the Lord.

Reflection: The First Reading reminds us about the virtue of faith. Faith is our disposition of belief in God and in all he has done and willed. The Apostle reminds us of the faith Abraham and the great people of old received and manifested, which enabled them to receive God’s promises revealed during their time through their past experiences. The Gospel reminds us of our disposition of acceptance. The Lord reminds us about true repentance and commitment before him. We must also be aware of our words, thoughts, and actions. That is why to blaspheme against the Holy Spirit is to waste the gift God has given and entrusted to us for a better livelihood. At Confirmation, we receive the gift o the Holy Spirit that empowers us to live by the profession of faith. Unrepented sin is caused when we fail to recognize the love and mercy of God to different people. So let us strive to become good Christians in proclaiming and giving witness to God’s message of love for all.



UNANG PAGBASA (Roma 3, 21-30)

Pagbasa mula sa sulat ni Apostol San Pablo sa mga taga-Roma

Mga kapatid, ngayo’y nahayag na ang pagpapawalang-sala ng Diyos sa mga tao. Ito’y hindi sa pamamagitan ng batas, bagamat ito’y pinatotohanan ng Kautusan at ng mga propeta. Pinawawalang-sala ng Diyos ang lahat ng nananalig kay Hesukristo sa pamamagitan ng kanilang pananalig sa kanya, maging Judio at maging Hentil. Sapagkat ang lahat ay nagkasala at walang sinumang karapat-dapat sa paningin ng Diyos. Gayunman, dahil sa kanyang kagandahang-loob ay pinawalang sala sila sa pamamagitan Kristo Hesus, na nagpalaya sa kanila. Siya ang itinakda ng Diyos na maging handog upang sa pagbubuo ng kanyang dugo ay maipatawad ang kasalanan ng tao sa pamamagitan ng pananalig sa kanya. Ginawa ito ng Diyos upang ipakilalang siya’y matuwid, sapagkat noong una, nagtimpi siya at ipinagpaumanhin ang mga kasalanang nagawa ng mga tao. At sa ngayon, pinawalang-sala niya ang mga nananalig kay Hesus upang patunayang siya’y matuwid.

Ano ngayon ang ating ipagmamalaki? Wala! Bakit? Dahil lamang ba sa hindi natin pagkatupad sa Kautusan? Hindi, kundi dahil sa ating pananalig kay Kristo. Sapagkat maliwanag na ang tao’y pinawalang-sala dahil sa pananalig kay Kristo, at hindi sa pagtupad ng Kautusan. Ang Diyos ba’y Diyos lamang ng mga Judio? Hindi ba Diyos din siya ng mga Hentil? Oo, sapagkat siya’y Diyos ng lahat, yamng iisa ang Diyos.

– Ang Salita ng Diyos.

SALMONG TUGUNAN (Salmo 129, 1-2. 3-4b. 4k-6)

Tugon: Sa piling ng Poong Diyos may pag-ibig at pagtubos.

Sa gitna na paghihirap, tinawag ko’y Panginoon,
Panginoon, ako’y dinggin pagka ako’y tumataghoy,
dinggin mo ang pagtawag ko’t paghingi ng iyong tulong.

Tugon: Sa piling ng Poong Diyos may pag-ibig at pagtubos.

Kung ikaw ay may talaan nitong aming kasalanan,
lahat kami ay tatanggap ng hatol mong nakalaan.
Ngunit iyong pinatawad mo nga kami upang sa’ yo at matakot.

Tugon: Sa piling ng Poong Diyos may pag-ibig at pagtubos.

Sabik akong naghihintay sa tulong mo, Panginoon,
pagkat ako’y may tiwala sa pangako mong pagtulong.
Yaring aking pananabik, Panginoon ay higit pa,
sa serenong naghihintay ng pagsapit ng umaga.

Tugon: Sa piling ng Poong Diyos may pag-ibig at pagtubos.

ALELUYA (Juan 14, 6)

Aleluya! Aleluya!
Ikaw, O Kristo, ang Daan,
ang Katotohana’t Buhay
patungo sa Amang mahal.
Aleluya! Aleluya!

MABUTING BALITA (Lucas 11, 47-54)

Ang Mabuting Balita ng Panginoon ayon kay San Lucas

Noong panahong iyon, sinabi ni Hesus, “Kawawa kayo! Ipinagtatayo ninyo ng magagarang libingan ang mga propetang pinagpapatay ng inyong mga magulang. Sa ganitong paraan, kayo na rin ang nagpapatunay na sang-ayon kayo sa mga ginawa ng inyong mga magulang; sapagkat sila ang pumatay sa mga propeta at kayo naman ang nagtatayo ng libingang puntod ng mga yaon. Dahil dito’y sinabi rin ng Karunungan ng Diyos, ‘Magsusugo ako sa kanila ng mga propeta at ng mga apostol; ang iba’y papatayin nila at uusigin ang iba.’ Sa gayo’y lalagapak sa lahing ito ang parusa dahil sa pagpatay sa mga propeta buhat nang itatag ang sanlibutan, magmula ay Abel hanggang kay Zacarias na pinatay sa pagitan ng dambanang sunugan ng mga handog at ng gusali ng Templo. Sinasabi ko sa inyo, lalagapak sa lahing ito ang parusa dahil sa kanilang ginawa.

“Kawawa kayo, mga dalubhasa sa Kautusan! Sapagkat inalis ninyo ang susi ng karunungan. Ayaw na ninyong magsipasok, hinahadlangan pa ninyo ang mga nagnanais pumasok.”

At umalis si Hesus sa bahay na iyon. Mula noon, tinuligsa na siya ng mga eskriba at ng mga Pariseo at pinagtatatanong tungkol sa maraming bagay, upang masilo siya sa kanyang pananalita.

– Ang Mabuting Balita ng Panginoon.

Pagninilay: Nakita natin sa Unang Pagbasa kung paanong itinama ni San Pablo ang mga Hudyong Romano sa paghahatol sa mga Hentil, na noo’y kinabibilang sa mga “taga-labas”. Para sa Apostol, ang tunay na taong yumayakap at nabubuhay sa kaligtasan ng Diyos ay ang pagsampalataya sa Mabuting Balita at paggawa ng mabuti sa kanilang kapwa. Tinapos na ni Hesus ang kanyang panunuligsa sa mga Pariseo at eskriba. Nitong mga nakaraang araw, narinig natin kung paano niyang pinunto ang pagkakamali ng mga grupong iyon, pati na ang kanilang mataas na pagtingin sa sarili at mababang pagtingin sa kanilang kapwang Hudyo. Ngayon ay hindi natuwa si Hesus sa kanilang pagtatayo ng mga alaala ng mga propeta ng Diyos. Ito’y dahil ang kanilang mga ninuno ang pumapatay at nang-uusig sa mga propeta, na tila nga ba’y sang-ayon sila sa ginawa ng mga nakaraang henerasyon nila. Tinuligsa rin ng Panginoon ang mga dalubhasa ng Kautusan sa pag-alis ng susi ng karunungan mula sa kanilang mga tahanan upang pigilan ang sinumang nais pumasok. Kaya noong umalis si Hesus sa kanyang pinagtutuluyan, ang mga relihiyosong grupo ay naghahanap ng butas upang maisahan nila ang Panginoon. Makikita natin kung ano klaseng pag-uugali mayroon ang mga kaaway ni Hesus na kabilang pa sa relihiyosong sektor ng kanilang lipunan. Ang mga ganyang klaseng pag-uugali ay nagpapakita ng pagkukunwari. Ang pagkukunwari o hipokrisiya ay nagmumukhang mabait ang ilang tao sa labas, ngunit lumalabas na malala ang masamang ugali sa loob. Kaya ito ang nais bigyang pansin ni Kristo na sana ay iwasan natin sa ating pang-araw-araw na buhay. Tayong lahat ay inaanyayahang mabuhay nang naayon sa kalooban ng Diyos at gawin ang mga bagay na hinding magpapahamak, kundi makabubuti sa ating kapwa.

DAILY MASS READINGS (October 17, 2019)


Reading 1 (ROMANS 3:21-30)

A reading from the Letter of St. Paul to the Romans

Brothers and sisters:
Now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law,
though testified to by the law and the prophets,
the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ
for all who believe.
For there is no distinction;
all have sinned and are deprived of the glory of God.
They are justified freely by his grace
through the redemption in Christ Jesus,
whom God set forth as an expiation,
through faith, by his Blood, to prove his righteousness
because of the forgiveness of sins previously committed,
through the forbearance of God–
to prove his righteousness in the present time,
that he might be righteous
and justify the one who has faith in Jesus.

What occasion is there then for boasting?  It is ruled out.
On what principle, that of works?
No, rather on the principle of faith.
For we consider that a person is justified by faith
apart from works of the law.
Does God belong to Jews alone?
Does he not belong to Gentiles, too?
Yes, also to Gentiles, for God is one
and will justify the circumcised on the basis of faith
and the uncircumcised through faith.

– The word of the Lord.

Responsorial Psalm (PSALM 130:1B-2, 3-4, 5-6AB)

R. (7) With the Lord there is mercy, and fullness of redemption.
Out of the depths I cry to you, O LORD;
LORD, hear my voice!
Let your ears be attentive
to my voice in supplication.
R. With the Lord there is mercy, and fullness of redemption.
If you, O LORD, mark iniquities,
Lord, who can stand?
But with you is forgiveness,
that you may be revered.
R. With the Lord there is mercy, and fullness of redemption.
I trust in the LORD;
my soul trusts in his word.
My soul waits for the LORD
more than sentinels wait for the dawn.
R. With the Lord there is mercy, and fullness of redemption.

Alleluia (JOHN 14:6)

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
I am the way and the truth and the life, says the Lord;
no one comes to the Father except through me.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

Gospel (LUKE 11:47-54)

A reading from the Holy Gospel according to Luke

The Lord said:
“Woe to you who build the memorials of the prophets
whom your fathers killed.
Consequently, you bear witness and give consent
to the deeds of your ancestors,
for they killed them and you do the building.
Therefore, the wisdom of God said,
‘I will send to them prophets and Apostles;
some of them they will kill and persecute’
in order that this generation might be charged
with the blood of all the prophets
shed since the foundation of the world,
from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah
who died between the altar and the temple building.
Yes, I tell you, this generation will be charged with their blood!
Woe to you, scholars of the law!
You have taken away the key of knowledge.
You yourselves did not enter and you stopped those trying to enter.”
When Jesus left, the scribes and Pharisees
began to act with hostility toward him
and to interrogate him about many things,
for they were plotting to catch him at something he might say.

– The Gospel of the Lord.

Reflection: Jesus ends his denouncement against the scribes and Pharisees. He tells them that their self-righteousness and hypocrisies are not tolerable. He calls them white-washed tombs because they appear to be good and devoted to God, but inside is their bad attitude towards their fellow Jews. They also build memorials in honor of the prophets of God, but their ancestors in the past have persecuted the prophets as well. As a result, the passage ends with the Pharisees and scribes plotting to kill him, shows how they value their self-righteousness moreover than the Lord’s warnings. That is why Saint Paul reminds the Romans about our justification by faith in the Lord Jesus, who saved us by the offering of his life on the Cross. The Apostle says that we are not justified by the works of the law, pertaining to the outward practices and devotions. Although he does not say they’re wrong, but that they should be implied that our faith in God and his will should be considered highly above any concepts and beliefs in life. And of course, if we faith, then we should also do good works, pertaining to showing a good role model and performing acts of charity with humility and sincerity from our hearts in the way of sergive towards others and towards our Lord.
In our life, we tend to make ourselves higher than others. Some of us may think we’re more faithful to God than others in our religious observances on Scriptures, teachings of the Church, and Traditions such as devotions and prayers. In other cases, we sometimes boast too much of the successes we have experienced that we feel we are more blessed and greater than others. But the Lord invites us to once again humble ourselves before his presence. We need to be truly open to his will, especially when doing good things and being kind and gentle toward others. We should not boast too much of our high status/religiosity, but rather have the childlike attitude in this affiliations so that our goal is to inspire and motivate others without any grudge against them. We also need to listen and obey the contemporary prophets of God, so that we may be guided to his Word that brings truth and eternal life.

DAILY MASS READINGS (October 16, 2019)


Reading 1 (ROMANS 2:1-11)

A reading from the Letter of St. Paul to the Romans

You, O man, are without excuse, every one of you who passes judgment.
For by the standard by which you judge another you condemn yourself,
since you, the judge, do the very same things.
We know that the judgment of God on those who do such things is true.
Do you suppose, then, you who judge those who engage in such things
and yet do them yourself,
that you will escape the judgment of God?
Or do you hold his priceless kindness, forbearance, and patience
in low esteem, unaware that the kindness of God
would lead you to repentance?
By your stubbornness and impenitent heart,
you are storing up wrath for yourself
for the day of wrath and revelation
of the just judgment of God,
who will repay everyone according to his works,
eternal life to those who seek glory, honor, and immortality
through perseverance in good works,
but wrath and fury to those who selfishly disobey the truth
and obey wickedness.
Yes, affliction and distress will come upon everyone
who does evil, Jew first and then Greek.
But there will be glory, honor, and peace for everyone
who does good, Jew first and then Greek.
There is no partiality with God.

– The word of the Lord.

Responsorial Psalm (PSALM 62:2-3, 6-7, 9)

R.(13b) Lord, you give back to everyone according to his works.
Only in God is my soul at rest;
from him comes my salvation.
He only is my rock and my salvation,
my stronghold; I shall not be disturbed at all.
R. Lord, you give back to everyone according to his works.
Only in God be at rest, my soul,
for from him comes my hope.
He only is my rock and my salvation,
my stronghold; I shall not be disturbed.
R. Lord, you give back to everyone according to his works.
Trust in him at all times, O my people!
Pour out your hearts before him;
God is our refuge!
R. Lord, you give back to everyone according to his works.

Alleluia (JOHN 10:27)

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
My sheep hear my voice, says the Lord;
I know them, and they follow me.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

Gospel (LUKE 11:42-46)

A reading from the Holy Gospel according to Luke

The Lord said:
“Woe to you Pharisees!
You pay tithes of mint and of rue and of every garden herb,
but you pay no attention to judgment and to love for God.
These you should have done, without overlooking the others.
Woe to you Pharisees!
You love the seat of honor in synagogues
and greetings in marketplaces.  
Woe to you!
You are like unseen graves over which people unknowingly walk.”

Then one of the scholars of the law said to him in reply,
“Teacher, by saying this you are insulting us too.”
And he said, “Woe also to you scholars of the law!
You impose on people burdens hard to carry,
but you yourselves do not lift one finger to touch them.”

– The Gospel of the Lord.

Reflection: In the First Reading (Romans 2:1-11), St. Paul rebukes those people who are judging one another. Remember that he is an apostle of the Gentiles, wherein earlier during Christ’s time those people are considered to be outsiders. This means that they cannot experience God’s salvation, but only the Jews. So the Apostle corrects their notion of judging the Gentiles, for he believes everyone who is faithful to the Good News will be saved. This is in reference to achieving salvation by being good and humble. In the Gospel (Luke 11:42-46), Jesus continues denouncing the Pharisees. He already noticed the hypocrisy of the Jewish leaders of his time, doing righteous deeds (religious acts) to win praise from others and enforcing their fellow Jewish citizens to observe the Mosaic Law (or in fact their 613 rules) when they themselves do not observe it/them. Today, Jesus denounces the Pharisees of being show-offs of arrogance and pride. He is not criticizing their observance of paying tithes, but rather their focus on worldly desires instead of giving their attention to God. They also love to inherit seats of honor, meaning that they want their fellow Jews to recognize that they are very pleasing to God above the ordinary citizens because of religious observance. In the latter part of the Gospel passage, a scholar of the Law reacts to Jesus’ criticisms because he thinks the Lord’s words are also insulting to his group. In fact, Jesus criticized the scholars of the Law for imposing burdens on their fellow Jews to carry without them carrying it. Since they are studying the Law of Moses, they command their fellow citizens to observe the Law very strictly, yet they think highly superior of themselves by not observing it and their 613 commandments. The hypocrisy of the Pharisees and scholars of the Law during Jesus’ time is very relevant in our contemporary period of time. Some religious and political leaders appear to be very successful in life because of their background and abilities, but in reality, they do these things to win the praise and ire of the public citizens and lay faithful. This situation also exists in any occupation/profession when employers/mentors/leaders may appear to be very successful during their attainable achievements in low social statuses, but when they mistreat and abuse their fellow co-workers and learners at their present social classes, they have shown their true colors in nature. So as we journey down this road, let us heed the warning of our Lord Jesus Christ regarding hypocrisy and avoid letting that hypocrisy make us boastful and arrogant in belittling others.



UNANG PAGBASA (Roma 1, 16-25)

Pagbasa mula sa sulat ni Apostol San Pablo sa mga taga-Roma

Mga kapatid, hindi ko ikinahihiya ang Mabuting Balita tungkol kay Kristo, sapagkat ito ang kapangyarihan ng Diyos sa ikaliligtas ng bawat nananampalataya—una’y sa mga Judio at gayun din sa mga Griego. Inihahayag nito na ang pagpapawalang-sala ng Diyos sa mga tao ay nagsisimula sa pananampalataya, at nagiging ganap sa pamamagitan ng pananampalataya. Ayon sa nasusulat, “Ang pinawalang-sala sa pamamagitan ng pananampalataya ay mabubuhay.”

Nahahayag mula sa langit ang poot ng Diyos laban sa lahat ng kalapastanganan at kasamaan ng mga taong sumisiil sa katotohanan sa pamamagitan ng kanilang kasamaan. Ang maaaring malaman tungkol sa Diyos ay maliwanag, yamang inihayag ito sa kanila ng Diyos. Mula pa nang likhain niya ang sanlibutan, ang kalikasang di nakikita, ang kanyang walang hanggang kapangyarihan at pagka-Diyos ay maliwanag na inihahayag ng mga bagay na ginawa niya. Kaya’t wala na silang maidadahilan. Kahit na kilala na nila ang Diyos, siya’y di nila pinarangalan bilang Diyos ni pinasalamatan man. Sa halip, naghaka-haka sila ng mga bagay na walang kabuluhan at nadimlan ang kanilang mga hangal na pag-iisip. Sila’y nagmamarunong ngunit lumitaw ang kanilang mga hangal na pag-iisip. Sila’y nagmamarunong ngunit lumitaw na hangal nang talikdan nila ang kadakilaan ng Diyos na walang kamatayan at sambahin ang mga larawan ng taon may kamatayan, ng mga ibon, ng mga hayop na may apat na paa, at ng mga nilalang na nagsisigapang.

Kaya hinayaan na sila ng diyos sa kanilang maruruming pita hanggang sa magumon sila sa paggawa ng kahalayan sa isa’t isa. Tinalikdan nila ang katotohanan tungkol sa Diyos at pinalitan ng kasinungalingan. Sinamba nila at pinaglingkuran ang nilalang sa halip na ang lumalang na siyang dapat papurihan magpakailanman! Amen.

– Ang Salita ng Diyos.

SALMONG TUGUNAN (Salmo 18, 2-3. 4-5)

Tugon: Ang langit ay nagdiriwang sa Panginoong marangal.

Ang langit ay naghahayag na ang Diyos ay dakila!
Malinaw na nagsasaad kung ano ang kanyang gawa!
Bawat araw, bawat gabi, ang ulat ay walang patlang,
patulay na nag-uulat sa sunod na gabi’t araw.

Tugon: Ang langit ay nagdiriwang sa Panginoong marangal.

Walang tinig o salitang ginagamit kung sa bagay,
at wala ring naririnig na kahit na anong ingay;
gayun pa man, sa daigdig ay laganap yaong tinig,
ang balita’y umaabot sa duluhan ng daigdig.

Tugon: Ang langit ay nagdiriwang sa Panginoong marangal.

ALELUYA (Hebreo 4, 12)

Aleluya! Aleluya!
Buhay ang salita ng D’yos,
ganap nitong natatalos
tanang ating niloloob.
Aleluya! Aleluya!

MABUTING BALITA (Lucas 11, 37-41)

Ang Mabuting balita ng Panginoon ayon kay San Lucas

Noong panahong iyon, pagkatapos magsalita ni Hesus, siya’y inanyayahan ng isang Pariseo upang kumain, kaya’t pumunta siya sa bahay nito. Pagdulog sa hapag, nagtaka ang Pariseo nang makita niyang kumain si Hesus nang hindi muna naghugas ng kamay. Sinabi sa kanya ng Panginoon, “Kayong mga Pariseo, hinuhugasan ninyo ang labas ng tasa at ng pinggan, ngunit ang loob ninyo’y punong-puno ng kasakiman at kasamaan. Mga hangal! Hindi ba’t ang may likha ng labas ang siya ring may likha ng loob? Ngunit ipamahagi muna ninyo sa mga dukha ang mga laman ng mga sisidlan at magiging malinis ang lahat ng bagay para sa inyo.”

– Ang Mabuting Balita ng Panginoon.

Pagninilay: Ang mga Pariseo ay isa sa mga matinding kritiko ng ating Panginoong Hesukristo. Tingin nila siya’y lumalabag sa Kautusan ni Moises na kanilang dinagdagan ng 613 interpretasyon. Kaya sa maraming pagkakataon nais nilang subukin siya sa ipabitag at ipabintang, ngunit siya’y mas matalino kaysa sa kanila. Sa pagkakataong ito, ang Ebanghelyo ngayon ay isang paninuligsa ni Hesus sa mga Pariseo dahil sa kanilang pagkukunwari. Akala nila sila’y mas malapit sa Diyos, ngunit may dala silang intensyonng pagpapakilanlan ng publiko. Sila’y naghuhugas ng labas ng tasa bago ang loob nito ayon sa kanilang tradisyon, ngunit hinamon sila ni Hesus na linisin muna nila ang loob ng tasa bago ang labas. Makikita natin dito kung paanong binunyag ni Kristo ang totoong pag-uugali ng mga taong akalaing banal, ngunit may natatagong adyenda, lalung-lalo ang balak laban sa kanya. Hindi naman ninanais niya na sila’y parusahin o kaya patayin, kundi sila’y mabuksan ang mata at isipan na linisin muna ang kanilang bakuran. Siguro ganyan din ang hamon sa ilan sa atin, kahit tayo’y nasa bahay, komunidad, paaralan, Simbahan, Pamahalaan, at mga naglalakbay ng ibang bansa. Tayo ay tinatawag ni Hesus na magkaroon ng dalisay na puso at matapat na naglilingkod sa Diyos at sa kapwa-tao. Kaya sinasabi ni San Pablo sa Unang Pagbasa na mag-ingat sa mga kahalayan, bisyo, at tukso ng mundo na maaring tumungo sa atin na magkasala laban sa Panginoon. Kaya huwag natin ikahiya ang Mabuting Balita ni Kristo na magbibigay sa atin ng kaligtasan kung tayo’y sumasampalataya. At tayo’y ginagabayan ng Espiritu Santo na gawin ang inuutos ng Diyos nang may kababang-loob at para sa kanyang ikaluluwalhati, hindi upang para magyabang. Kaya nawa sa ating buhay, tayo’y tunay na mamuhay nang marangal at mabuti sa ating pananampalataya sa Diyos at pakikipagrelasyon sa kanya at kapwa-tao.

DAILY MASS READINGS (October 15, 2019)


Reading 1 (ROMANS 1:16-25)

A reading from the Letter of St. Paul to the Romans

Brothers and sisters:
I am not ashamed of the Gospel.
It is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes:
for Jew first, and then Greek.
For in it is revealed the righteousness of God from faith to faith;
as it is written, “The one who is righteous by faith will live.”

The wrath of God is indeed being revealed from heaven
against every impiety and wickedness
of those who suppress the truth by their wickedness.
For what can be known about God is evident to them,
because God made it evident to them.
Ever since the creation of the world,
his invisible attributes of eternal power and divinity
have been able to be understood and perceived in what he has made.
As a result, they have no excuse;
for although they knew God
they did not accord him glory as God or give him thanks.
Instead, they became vain in their reasoning,
and their senseless minds were darkened.
While claiming to be wise, they became fools
and exchanged the glory of the immortal God
for the likeness of an image of mortal man
or of birds or of four-legged animals or of snakes.

Therefore, God handed them over to impurity
through the lusts of their hearts
for the mutual degradation of their bodies.
They exchanged the truth of God for a lie
and revered and worshiped the creature rather than the creator,
who is blessed forever. Amen.

– The word of the Lord.

Responsorial Psalm (PSALM 19:2-3, 4-5)

R.(2a) The heavens proclaim the glory of God.
The heavens declare the glory of God,
and the firmament proclaims his handiwork.
Day pours out the word to day,
and night to night imparts knowledge.
R. The heavens proclaim the glory of God.
Not a word nor a discourse
whose voice is not heard;
Through all the earth their voice resounds,
and to the ends of the world, their message.
R. The heavens proclaim the glory of God.

Alleluia (HEBREWS 4:12)

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
The word of God is living and effective,
able to discern reflections and thoughts of the heart.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

Gospel (LUKE 11:37-41)

A reading from the Holy Gospel according to Luke

After Jesus had spoken,
a Pharisee invited him to dine at his home.
He entered and reclined at table to eat.
The Pharisee was amazed to see
that he did not observe the prescribed washing before the meal.
The Lord said to him, “Oh you Pharisees!
Although you cleanse the outside of the cup and the dish,
inside you are filled with plunder and evil.
You fools!
Did not the maker of the outside also make the inside?
But as to what is within, give alms,
and behold, everything will be clean for you.”

– The Gospel of the Lord.

Reflection: What does purity mean? Many would define this term as the state of being clean and free from any stain/dirt. This usually happens after we wash ourselves and take a bath. It also happens when we clean things such as plates, clothes, rooms, etc. Cleanliness is defined in outer means, but how does it define in inner means? Dear friends, there is a very important meaning to that, purity of heart. In life, to be clean in the outside refers to the talents and skills a person has. This includes his recitation and performance on the spiritual devotions and prayers. But to be clean in the inside is more than that. If we are good in many things, then we must put such into practice. We can do this by doing good deeds and avoiding evil sins. A man who claims that he is saved because of what he has, but doesn’t manifest the values of life is a hypocrite and a liar. That is why Jesus in the Gospel (Luke 11:37-41) denounces the scribes and Pharisees for having dirty hearts. These group of men love to burden their fellow Jews by observing the 613 laws they made, yet not even one did they follow. That is why their hearts are truly far from God because their worship is vain. So how should we observe true worship? And there is only one thing, purity in the outside and the inside. Let us look at our blessed Mother. The reason why she was preserved from original sin is to prepare the Birth of the Savior in her womb. Even though she is stainless, she remains faithful, humble, and obedient to God’s word, and at the Passion, stood and suffered with her Son for the glory of the divine will. We don’t have to be immaculate like her, rather, we can follow the example of Mary because she is our model of faith. And in this Month of the Most Holy Rosary, may this devotion to Our Lady inspire us to live our lives as Christians. As we journey down this road, let us observe purity of heart by doing good deeds and avoiding evil sins.